Voices in Precision Medicine: Speaking on the Law, Ethics, and Science

Precision medicine promises health care tailored to each patient's individual needs, a mission that opens exciting possibilities and poses unique challenges. How do we control cost, equalize access to care, and hasten delivery of new treatemnts?

On Dec 1 and 2, 2016, leading scientists, doctors, lawyers, and ethicists met to discuss these topics at Frontiers in Precision Medicine II: Cancer, Big Data, and the Public. The symposium was co-sponsored by University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law, Center for Law and Biomedical Sciences, University of Utah Health Sciences, Huntsman Cancer Institute, and University of Utah Center for Excellence in ELSI Research (UCEER). You can still tune into the conversation.

Watch Frontiers in Precision Medicine II online:

  • Sessions 1 and 2: Tackling Cancer with Big Data; Precision Prevention
  •  Session 3: The Public and Precision Medicine
  • Sessions 4 and 5: Patenting Precision Medicine; Providers, Payers, and Laboratory Testing

 


communications panelists What does it take to build a large research cohort? Lots of communication

In the field of precision medicine, progress and patient participation go hand-in-hand. Figuring out how genetics and lifestyle impacts health, and which medicines work for whom, is contingent upon collecting data – and lots of it. But it can be challenging to partner with patients if they have a hard time understanding what it could mean. At Frontiers in Precision Medicine II, ethicists, scientists and doctors discussed ways to overcome challenges in communicating with study participants and why doing so is key. (Day 1, Session 3; 2:09:00)

 

ethics panelistsThe ethical quandry of medicine: Who gets left out?

Huge health disparities—based on race, ethnicity, sex, disability, socioeconomic status and other factors—persist in the U.S., and it’s crucial that precision medicine doesn’t further entrench the problem. In the “ethics of access” session, panelists laid out ways to equalize the impact, including issues to consider before even starting a research study. (Day 1, Session 3; 3:07:00)

 

 Diana BrixnerIn cancer treatment, is precision medicine more expensive than it’s worth?

Cancer treatment is expensive. And precisely targeted cancer is even more costly. With specialized oncology drugs now the driving force behind spiking pharmaceutical prices across U.S. health care, cancer treatment highlights the Catch-22 of precision medicine — its life-changing genetic discoveries paired with (at-times) astronomical costs. In a session dedicated to cost-effectiveness and insurance reimbursement, panelists explored the growing problem. (Day 2, Session 5; 1:35:00)

 

Will DereHow to speed the journey from discovery to cure: Make a science out of science

Precision medicine has a commitment problem. Just five percent of patients who had DNA from their tumor sequenced could be matched with targeted drugs, a recent study showed. And that’s just cancer. There are thousands of orphan diseases that scientists don’t yet understand the causes of, let alone have treatments for. At the symposium, experts explored steps toward making science more efficient. (Day 1, Session 1; 1:02:00 and Keynote 00:01:00)

 

Kathy CooneyThe Promise of precision medicine: Searching for the correct needle among many haystacks

To understand the incredible potential of applying precision medicine to cancer, consider that every person has an estimated 30,000 genes and approximately 1,000-2,000 of them are implicated in cancer. So how do we identify, target and treat the genes associated with a person’s cancer? The current answer is, not easily. Panelists discussed opportunities and barriers (Day 1, Session 1: 00:27:30)

 

Continue the conversation:


Challenges facing precision medicine

Podcast with Jorge Contreras, J.D., Professor at the College of Law, University of Utah and Emily Coonrod, Ph.D., Associate Director of the U’s Program in Personalized Health

The changing landscape of precision oncology

Podcast with Rakesh Nagarajan, PhD., Founder and Chief Biomedical Informatics Officer at Pierian Dx

Foundations in Personalized Health Care - Course and CME

A survey course designed to introduce students to the many facets of personalized health care, from ethical, legal and social issues to persoalized risk and prevention. The class is taught by oncologists, geneticists, clinicians and lawyers who are active in the field. Distance learning avaialable.

 

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